Universal Periodic Review
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all UN Member States. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations.
As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed. The ultimate aim of this mechanism is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur. Currently, no other universal mechanism of this kind exists.
OHCHR-IPU workshop for parliamentarians, “COVID-19 pandemic recovery through a human rights lens: What contribution from parliaments?” (29-30 June 2021)
- List of participants
- Statement Martin Chungong, IPU Secretary General
- Statement Michelle Bachelet, High Commissioner for Human Rights
- Statement Nazhat Shameem Khan, HRC President
UPR Practical Guidance
In launching the Call to Action for Human Rights, on 24 February 2020, at the opening of the 43th session of the Human Rights Council, the UN Secretary-General stated that “new practical guidance to every UN country leader around the world to strengthen our platforms of cooperation to address human rights challenges utilizing the power and potential of the Universal Periodic Review” would soon be issued. A UPR Practical Guidance, [العربية | 中文 | English | Français | Русский | Español] prepared by OHCHR, in consultation with the entire UN system, was finalised on 18 August 2020 and aims at providing advice on how UN entities at country level can engage in the UPR process to support progress by Member States on human rights and the SDGs, as well as on the prevention and sustaining peace agendas.
Informal briefing for delegations:
- National Mechanisms for Reporting and Follow-up (NMRFs), UN support, Key capacities and Implementation of Recommendations
- OHCHR Field work
- Human Rights, SDGs and the 2030 Agenda
- National Recommendation Tracking Database (NRTD)
Some UPR Good practices (videos):
Third UPR cycle
The third UPR cycle started on 1 May 2017.
See relevant third cycle documents, including:
- the calendar of reviews;
- country-related reports;
- letters by the High Commissioner for Human Rights to Foreign Ministers; and
- webcast videos.